The Mekong River

The Mekong River is the second richest river in biodiversity on earth, after the Amazon river in south America. In the ‘Greater Mekong Subregion’ are living estimated 20,000 plant species, 430 mammals, 1,200 birds, 800 reptiles and amphibians and an estimated 850 fish species. In 2009, 145 new species were described from the Mekong Region, comprising 29 fish species previously unknown to science, two new bird species, ten reptiles, five mammals, 96 plants and six new amphibians.

The Mekong is home to more large fish than any other river on earth. Among them are the Giant Catfish and the Irrawaddi Dolphin, a sweetwater dolphin species. The Mekong Freshwater Stingray gets a wingspan up to 4,30 m. The Siamese Giant Carp and the Siamese Crocodile are living in the Mekong as well. One finds otters here and bigger fishing cats. Especially the big species are under pressure and struggle for survive. The Saltwater Crocodile, which once lived in the lower Mekong up until the Tonle Sap Lake, is already extinct in the river.

Visit the whole article on ‘The Mekong River‘ here…

SAM_1843-44_29102011 -- Chiang Khong to Chiang Saeng

The Mekong River at ‘Huaisai Man Viewpoint’, between Chiang Khong and Chiang Saen, north Thailand. The right side of the river is Laos. Image by Asienreisender, 2011

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